Meeting Date: January 12, 2005

Subject: Review Of Overnight Services 


It is recommended that the Commission:
1. Initiate a 10-week consultation process regarding the recommended service changes shown in Table 1 and described in the attached report, entitled Review of Overnight Services, noting that:

• The Review of Overnight Services report is a comprehensive review of existing and possible new overnight services;

• Five new or revised overnight services are warranted by the service standards, and are recommended for implementation. These new and revised services would bring new overnight service within a 15-minute walk for approximately 125,000 Toronto residents.  The new services would add approximately $740,000 in direct operating costs each year, would improve service for approximately 380,000 annual customer-trips of which approximately 70,000 would be new to the TTC, and would increase fare revenue by approximately $110,000 each year;

• Three present overnight services are not warranted in terms of overnight system coverage because they are relatively close to other services, and are recommended for elimination. These routes could be eliminated without a significant reduction in the coverage provided by the overnight network. Eliminating these overnight services would save approximately $470,000 in direct operating costs per year; and

• The results of the consultation process will be reported to the Commission;

2. Forward this report, and the attached report, to all members of City Council and to York Region and GO Transit.


The overnight service changes described in this report would increase the TTC’s annual operating costs by $270,000.  This cost would be expected to be partially offset by approximately $110,000 in new fare revenue for a net annual subsidy increase of $160,000. A September 2005 implementation of all the changes described in this report would require a subsidy increase of approximately $52,000 for 2005.  If only the recommended new and revised services were introduced, and no services were to be eliminated, the additional subsidy required for 2005 would be approximately $205,000, assuming a September 2005 implementation.


At its meeting of April 14, 2004, the Commission requested that staff:

report on the feasibility of an all night streetcar service on King Street, as part of the service plan review process; and,

conduct a full review of existing night service routes, specifically to ensure that these routes account for the changing demographics in residential, business, and industrial areas throughout the city of Toronto.

This report addresses these requests.


The attached report, Review of Overnight Services, January 2005, provides a comprehensive review of overnight services at the TTC. It outlines the history and evolution of the all-night services and network as they are currently operated, and evaluates a number of possible changes and additions to all-night services.

The evaluation has been based on the warrants for all-night service that the Commission approved in September 1990. These warrants set standards for the minimum improvement in walking distance required to consider new overnight routes, and defined a minimum threshold of population density along possible new overnight routes. These warrants are listed in full in Table 2 of this report. While the warrants were approved at that time, because of subsequent funding constraints, the recommended service improvements associated with the warrants were never implemented. These service improvements have been revisited in the current review.

All of the current services in the overnight network were assessed along with 22 proposals to improve overnight service. The assessment concluded that three existing overnight services are not warranted because they are relatively close to other overnight services, and five new service changes are warranted for implementation, because of inadequate access within certain areas. These changes are listed in Table 1, attached, and are described in detail in the main report.

In total, the new services that are warranted would improve service for approximately 380,000 customer-trips each year by reducing the distance that customers need to walk to or from their nearest overnight service. The warranted changes would bring new overnight service to within a 15-minute walk for of approximately 125,000 Toronto residents who are currently beyond this walking distance. These changes would increase the coverage of the TTC’s overnight network so that approximately 97% of all residents in the city would be within a 15-minute walk of 24 hour seven-day-per-week service compared to the current 92%. It is expected that these service changes would attract 70,000 new customer-trips to the TTC each year and, thus, increase revenue by $110,000 each year.

All of the existing overnight services were also assessed. Based on the 15-minute walking standard, three of the current routes in the overnight night network are not warranted and could be removed without significantly changing the 15-minute walking coverage in the city. Approximately 245,000 customer-trips each year are made on these services. However, it is expected that most of these passengers would continue to use other parallel overnight service that are within a 15-minute walk.

For this Review of Overnight Services report, a 10-week consultation period would begin immediately, and would continue until March 24, 2005. A report would subsequently be presented to the Commission outlining the results of the consultation. Service changes approved after the consultation period would begin on September 4, 2005. Proposals for changes suggested during the consultation process would be discussed in detail in the future report to the Commission with recommendations on whether or not to proceed with the proposals.

All of the recommended service changes in the attached report would be introduced for a trial period of at least six months, and would be subject to a post-implementation review, to ensure that they achieve the benefits that are expected. The results of these post-implementation reviews will be presented to the Commission as usual.


The five recommended new services should be introduced because they are warranted under the overnight service standards and they would provide new access to overnight transit service to areas which are currently beyond a 15-minute walk of overnight service. Three services should be eliminated because their market areas overlap with those of other existing overnight services, they do not provide added coverage or access relative to a 15-minute walk, and they are not warranted.

December 15, 2005


Attachment: Table 1: Warranted Overnight Service Changes

Table 2: Warrants For The Provision Of All-Night Services

Report: Review of Overnight Services, January 2005

Table 1

Warranted Overnight Service Changes

New overnight services which are warranted and recommended for implementation:

• 329 DUFFERIN – Extension to Weston Road

• 309 FINCH WEST – Extension to Woodbine Racetrack

• Lawrence Avenue East – New overnight service from Don Mills Road to U of T Scarborough

• Sheppard Avenue East – New overnight service from Yonge Street to Meadowvale Road

• Steeles Avenue East – New overnight service from Yonge Street to Middlefield Road

Overnight routes which are not warranted and are recommended for elimination:

• 306 CARLTON – Dundas West Station to Main Street Station

• 322 COXWELL – Broadview Station to Kingston Road & Victoria Park

• 316 OSSINGTON – Eglinton West Station to Exhibition
Table 2

Warrants For The Provision Of All-Night Services, As Approved By The Commission At Its Meeting Of September 25, 1990

1. Accessibility Standard

Additions to the base service network will be considered only when such services reduce walking distance to transit service for residents who are beyond 15-minute walk of existing 24-hour services.

2. Population/Employment Standard

Additions to the base service network will be considered only when the route would serve at least 2,100 additional people per route-kilometre. When information is available on employees who start or end their work day between 2:00 AM and 5:00 AM, these employees will be added to the population served, with each employee counted as the equivalent of three residents.

3. Financial Standard

Three possible sources of funding for expansion of services operated on a 24-hour basis will be considered:

(a) Re-allocation of existing resources from the late-night and all-night time period;

(b) Commission approval of increased Metro-wide base level funding; and

(c) Special subsidies for services not warranted on a Metro-wide basis.

In order for an all-night transit service to be recommended as part of the base level of service, it would have to satisfy all of the above standards.

September, 1990 Service Planning Department