For the month of June, the TTC will be honouring Toronto’s rich Indigenous history through an awareness campaign that will be available on TTC vehicles, inside subway stations and on social media, in celebration of Indigenous History Month.

The campaign highlights different Indigenous historical sites in the north, south, east and west end of the city, near existing TTC routes and stations. Each poster features historical facts about the site to educate Torontonians about its significance.

The locations that were selected are highlighted below:

A 10,000 year old road

Map of ancient road alongside subway line with caption A 10,000 year old road

Route 127 Davenport (Gete-Onigaming) traces a hunting site along sections of an ancient pathway. According to oral tradition, the territory connected settlements along the Kabechenong River (Humber) in the west, to the Wonscotanach (Waw-sco-ta-Nawsh) (Don) and Chi Sippi (Rouge) rivers in the east.

The pathway was originally shaped by the southern edge of the massive Wisconsin Glaciation. At its peak, this glacier was seven times taller than the CN Tower.

Trees stand as markers

Map of Toronto with the caption Trees Stand as Markers

Route 501 Queen passes by an ancient marker tree located in Colonel Samuel Smith Park.

Many marker trees still stand across the territory. They serve as reminders of the past, identifying significant locations like portage trails or important sources of food.

Fur traders travelled here

Road map with the caption Fur Traders Travelled Here

Route 36 Finch West crosses the Toronto Carrying Place Trail at Islington Avenue.

The trail traces along the Kabechenong River (Humber) where fur traders travelled by 30-foot long canoes to and from Lake Simcoe, the Great Lakes and as far as the Rocky Mountains.

Totem poles

Map of subway showing Spadina Station area with the caption Totem Poles: The owl, the wolf and hawk

The owl, the wolf and hawk

The K’SAN Village House Posts, from Gitskan First Nation in Hazelton, BC, at Spadina Station, commemorates the building of the Wigwamen Terrace at 14 Spadina Road (Ishpadinaa).

You can visit the Native Canadian Centre of Toronto just north of the station at 16 Spadina Road.

It’s always been a great place for fish

Map of Union Station area with caption: It's always been a great place for fish

Route 121 Fort York-Esplanade passes the St. Lawrence Market, where the Mississaugas of the Credit traded fish with the settlers.

Death of Chief Wabakinine

Map of Union Station area with the caption: Death of Chief Wabkinine

Route 121 Fort York-Esplanade passes where Chief Wabakinine of the Mississaugas — signatory of the 1787 Toronto Purchase — was fatally wounded, along with his wife, in a violent attack by a British soldier in 1796.

Taber Hill Memorial

 Map of Line 3 with the caption Taber Hill Memorial

Route 9 Bellamy passes Taber Hill Memorial Park, the site of an ancient Huron-Wendat burial mound dating back to the 14th century.

Jackes site

Subway map with the caption: Jackes Site where a village once stood

Where a village once stood

Route 61 Avenue Road North passes by Allenby Public School which stands on the Jackes site, an ancient Huron-Wendat village.

Treaty 13

Map with caption Treaty 13

Route 48 Rathburn and route 50 Burnhamthorpe both stop at the edge of Etobicoke Creek. This marks the boundary of the Toronto Purchase Treaty (Treaty 13), completed between the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation and the British Crown in 1805. Toronto and Vaughan are located within the boundaries of the Treaty lands.

We’d like to thank the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, Huron-Wendat First Nation and Young Spiritual Elder Philip Cote, MFA, for their collaboration on our Indigenous History Month content.

For more information on Indigenous history visit: