System Quick Facts
Daily Trips (Average Business Day)
- Revenue Passengers (Fares Collected) ... 1,686,000
- Revenue Passengers and Transfer Fares ... 2,703,000
- Of the 154 conventional bus and streetcar routes, 150 make 247 connections with the Subway/Scarborough RT system during the A.M. rush period.
- Wednesday, November 26, 2014: highest 1-day ridership … 1,875,455
Rail Transit Quick Facts (Subway, Scarborough Rapid Transit, Streetcar)
Daily Trips (Average Business Day)
- Revenue Passengers (Fares Collected) … 915,000
- Revenue Passengers and Transfer Fares … 1,314,000
Busiest Stations (Estimated passenger trips to and from trains daily)
- Bloor (Yonge-University-Spadina) … 216,200
- Yonge (Bloor-Danforth) … 193,000
- St George (Bloor-Danforth) … 140,500
- St George (Yonge-University-Spadina) … 134,900
- Union … 125,200
- Finch … 90,900
- Sheppard-Yonge (Yonge-University-Spadina) … 76,800
- Eglinton … 76,300
- Dundas … 75,800
- Kennedy (Bloor-Danforth) … 71,400
- Number of Stations* … 69
- Number of Escalators … 291**
- Number of Elevators … 87***
(In service at: Bathurst, Bayview, Bessarion, Bloor-Yonge, Broadview, Davisville, Don Mills, Downsview, Dufferin, Dundas West, Eglinton, Eglinton West, Finch, Jane, Kennedy, Kipling, Lawrence West, Leslie, Main Street, North York Centre, Pape, Queen, Scarborough Centre, Sheppard-Yonge, Spadina, St Clair, *St Clair West, St George, Osgoode, St Andrew, Queen’s Park, Queens Quay, Union, Victoria Park, York Mills.) *Serves mezzanine level only.
- Number of Commuter Parking Lots … 27**** (12,337 spaces)
** 2 escalators at Union Station installed in 2014. 2 escalators scheduled to open at Union in 2015.
*** Dufferin now accessible with 3 elevators; Lawrence West now accessible with 1 elevator.
**** Parking lots decreased by 1 in 2013 (at Yorkdale Station) for construction. Scheduled to re-open in 2015.
|Passenger Trips1||2014 534,815,000||2012 525,194,000||Increase of 9,621,000|
|Bus Routes||2014 143||2013 141||Increase of 2|
|Streetcar Routes||2014 11||2013 11||Increase of 0|
|Subway Lines||2014 3||2013 3||Increase of 0|
|ICTS* (Scarborough RT Line)||2014 1||2013 1||Increase of 0|
|Total||2014 1582||2013 1562||Increase of 2|
|Bus Routes||2014 7,008.1||2013 6,998.0||Increasee of 10.1|
|Streetcar Routes||2014 304.6||2013 304.6||Increase of 0|
|Yonge-University-Spadina||2014 30.2||2013 30.2||Increase of 0|
|Bloor-Danforth||2014 26.2||2013 26.2||Increase of 0|
|Sheppard||2014 5.5||2013 5.5||Increase of 0|
|Scarborough RT||2014 6.4||2013 6.4||Increase of 0|
|Accessible 12-m buses||233,094,439|
|Accessible 18-m buses||12,197,383|
|Scarborough RT Trains||4,254,221|
|New low-floor streetcars||559,383|
1 Excludes Wheel-Trans.
2 Excludes Community Bus (6 routes), Blue Night Network (24 routes) and seasonal service (1 route).
3 Includes round trip length of routes and their branches along shared roadways.
4 Subway/Scarborough RT lengths are given in one-way kilometres.
* Intermediate Capacity Transit System.
Passenger Vehicle Fleet1
Buses (kneeling; lift/ramp; wheelchair positions)
|Accessible 12-metre (40-foot)||2014 1,735||2013 1,848||Decrease of (113)|
|Accessible 18.3-metre (60-foot)||2014 134||2013 3||Increase of 131|
|Total||2014 1,869||2013 1,851||Increase of 18|
|Canadian Light Rail Vehicle (CLRV)||2014 195||2013 195||Increase of 0|
|Articulated Light Rail Vehicle (ALRV)||2014 52||2013 52||Increase of 0|
New Low-Floor Articulated
|2014 3||2013 0||Increase of 3|
|Total||2014 250||2013 247||Increase of 3|
|Subway Cars||2014 724||2013 704||Increase of 20|
|Scarborough RT Cars||2014 28||2013 28||Increase of 0|
|Total||2014 752||2013 732||Increase of 20|
Kilometres Operated3 (In thousands)
|Bus||2014 131,287||2013 129,577||Increase of 1,710|
|Subway||2014 80,846||2013 79,326||Increase of 1,520|
|Streetcar||2014 12,801||2013 12,451||Increase of 350|
|Scarborough RT (ICTS*)||2014 3,498||2013 3,496||Increase of 2|
|Total||2014 228,432||2013 224,850||Increase of 3,582|
2 All Subway/RT trains are accessible. 370 T-1 subway cars are equipped with 1 multi-purpose area; 354 Toronto Rocket subway cars are equipped with 2 multi-purpose areas.
3 Includes inside Toronto regular revenue services only.
* Intermediate Capacity Transit System.
Carrying Capacity (planned number of customers per vehicle)
30 seated; 55 maximum (220 for a 4-car train)
36 seated; 51 maximum
46 seated; 74 maximum
61 seated; 108 maximum
66 seated; 167 maximum (1,000 for a 6-car train)
64-68 seated; 180 maximum (1,080 for a 6-car train)
As a division of the TTC, Wheel-Trans is responsible for door-to-door accessible transit service for people with physical functional mobility limitations who have the most difficulty using conventional transit services. Service is provided 24 hours beyond city limits to the airport, and to established boundary transfer points in order to co-ordinate trips with other accessible door-to-door transit services within the Greater Toronto Area.
|Passenger Trips1||2014 3,077,181||2013 2,837,776||Increase of 239,405|
|Average Daily Trips1||2014 8,431||2013 7,775||Increase of 656|
|Kilometres Operated1||2014 21,325,840||2013 20,334,672||Increase of 991,168|
|Scheduled Vehicle Service Hours1||2014 936,764||2013 900,217||Increase of 36,547|
|Revenue Vehicles1||2014 498||2013 506||Decrease of (8)|
|Number of Active Registrants*||2014 34,867||2013 31,225||Increase of 3,642|
Accessible, fixed-route bus service primarily focused on individuals who have some difficulty accessing the conventional transit system. Wheel-Trans registrants and seniors comprise the majority of customers served. However, all individuals are eligible for the service.
|Passenger Trips||2014 49,321||2013 57,728||Decrease of (8,407)|
|Average Daily Trips2||2014 189||2013 221||Decrease of (32)|
|Kilometres Operated||2014 152,019||2013 155,060||Decrease of (3,041)|
|Scheduled Vehicle Service Hours||2014 10,188||2013 10,228||Decrease of (40)|
|Revenue Vehicles||2014 7||2013 7||Increase of 0|
|Number of Routes||2014 5||2013 5||Increase of 0|
2 Community Bus does not operate on weekends or holidays.
* Customers who have used Wheel-Trans in the last year (as per Auditor General’s new definition).
The TTC is committed to improving access to the conventional system for all its customers. The TTC is everyone’s transit system. In 2014, the TTC introduced the first three of its next-generation, accessible streetcars into revenue service.
The entire TTC bus fleet is accessible with kneeling buses equipped with a flip-ramp or lift; 93 per cent of the fleet is of a low-floor design. All accessible buses are identified by blue lights on either side of the front destination sign, and the blue international wheelchair symbol displayed above the front right bumper next to the entrance door. All buses include 2 wheelchair/scooter positions.
Number of fully accessible T-1 subway cars (370) and Toronto Rocket (TR) subway cars (354). Each T-1 car has 1 multi-purpose area; each TR car has 2 multi-purpose areas. T-1 trains run on all three subway lines: B-D, Y-U-S and Sheppard; TR trains run on the Y-U-S line only. All Subway/RT cars can be boarded by people using wheelchairs, scooters or other mobility devices.
Number of accessible bus routes, which includes 22 Blue Night routes and 5 Community Bus routes. These routes are served by kneeling buses equipped with a flip-ramp or lift. All TTC bus routes are wheelchair and scooter friendly.
Number of accessible subway stations, which are equipped with elevators that make travel easier for people using wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, other mobility devices or baby strollers. These stations are:
- Line 1 Yonge-University: Downsview, Lawrence West*, Eglinton West, St George, Queen’s Park, Osgoode, St Andrew, Union, Queen, Dundas, Bloor-Yonge, St Clair, Davisville, Eglinton, York Mills, Sheppard-Yonge, North York Centre, Finch
- Line 2 Bloor-Danforth: Kipling, Jane, Dundas West, Dufferin*, Bathurst, Spadina, St George, Bloor-Yonge, Broadview, Pape, Main Street, Victoria Park, Kennedy
- Line 3 Sheppard: Sheppard-Yonge, Bayview, Bessarion, Leslie, Don Mills
- Line 4 Scarborough: Kennedy, Scarborough Centre
Note: Subway interchanges counted once.
*Dufferin Station elevators (3) entered service on Nov. 24, 2014. Lawrence West elevator (1) entered service on Dec. 19, 2014.
Subway stations with centre platforms
- Line 1 Yonge-University: Downsview, Wilson, Yorkdale, Lawrence West, Glencairn, St George, Museum, Queen’s Park, St Patrick, Osgoode, St Andrew, Eglinton, Lawrence, York Mills, Sheppard-Yonge, Finch
- Line 2 Bloor-Danforth: Kipling, Islington, St George, Bay, Bloor-Yonge, Warden, Kennedy
- Line 3 Sheppard: Bayview, Bessarion, Leslie, Don Mills
- Line 4 Scarborough: none
Busiest Bus and Streetcar Routes
(Estimated daily usage on average business day)
504 King (streetcar) … 64,600
32 Eglinton West (bus) … 48,700
35 Jane (bus) … 45,700
36 Finch West (bus) … 44,000
52 Lawrence West (bus) … 43,900
510 Spadina (streetcar) … 43,800
501 Queen (streetcar) … 43,500
29 Dufferin (bus) … 39,700
506 Carlton (streetcar) … 39,600
25 Don Mills (bus) … 39,100
Subway Station Defibrillators
Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) were installed within line of sight of Collector Booths at all 69 Subway/RT stations in 2011. The AEDs can be used in the event of cardiac emergency. Each unit is encased in appropriately labelled, glass-fronted white cabinets, 38 centimetres by 33 centimetres in size.
Platform Video Screens
Digital video screens are located above the platforms in the majority of subway stations. A great source of information, these 101-centimetre, flat screens show TTC service updates, next-train arrival times, the date and time, as well as news, weather, advertising, charity and community messages. During emergencies, key information will appear on these screens. Additional flat screens are being installed in the subway system to improve customer communications by showing the status of subway and surface routes that serve each station, as well as providing important updates that customers would require before paying their fare.
Customers can also use Station Information and Next-Vehicle-Arrival screens and monitors at a growing number of subway stations and transit shelters to help them make more informed decisions about their transit trips.
- After nearly 95 years in service – and at 29 billion customers carried – the TTC has grown to become one of the most visible and vital public service organizations in the Greater Toronto Area.
- In 2014, the TTC set an all-time record of 535 million rides, surpassing 2013’s record ridership total of 525 million.
- The TTC carries one billion customers approximately every 22 months. The TTC is expected to welcome its 30 billionth rider in the summer of 2015.
- More than 13,000 employees serve well over half-a-billion customers annually. With more than 1.8 million customer journeys on a typical weekday, the TTC has one of the highest per-capita ridership rates in North America.
- The TTC serves some 5.5 million people in the Greater Toronto Area, with a network of subways, streetcars, buses, and a specialized service, Wheel-Trans, for people who require accessible transportation.
- In 2013, the TTC launched its Five-Year Corporate Plan. The Plan outlines seven key objectives and a delivery strategy for each. Those objectives are: Safety. Customer. People. Assets. Growth. Financial Stability. Reputation. These are the things that the TTC must get right in order to achieve its vision of a transit system that makes Toronto proud.
- Total number of TTC employees as of December 31, 2014 – 13,279.
- Estimated number of cars that a TTC vehicle replaces during a typical morning rush hour:
- Low-floor bus (12 metre): 45
- Low-floor articulated bus (18 metre): 70
- CLRV streetcar: 65
- ALRV streetcar: 95
- New low-floor articulated streetcar: 115
- SRT train (4 cars): 195
- T-1 train (6 cars): 890
- Toronto Rocket train (6 cars): 960
[Figures are based on TTC loading standards for each mode divided by A.M. rush average automobile occupancy (1.11) for inbound trips to the city of Toronto.]
Spadina Subway Extension
The Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension (TYSSE) is a six-station, 8.6-km extension of the Line 1 Yonge-University from the current Downsview Station (to be renamed Sheppard West Station), northwest through York University, and north into York Region.
The TYSSE will be the first subway expansion crossing the municipal boundary of Toronto. The official groundbreaking took place in 2009. The extension is scheduled to be completed by the end of 2017. The extension has generated thousands of jobs during its construction, which is about 70 per cent complete. Here are the six stations:
Vaughan Metropolitan Centre: will be located north of Highway 7 to the west side of the relocated Millway Avenue. The terminal station will be a multi-modal transportation hub with an off-street passenger-pick-up-and-drop-off area, and connections to York Region Transit (YRT) Bus Terminal and to the Viva Bus Rapidway, which will run in the centre of Highway 7.
Highway 407: will be located west of Jane Street and south of Highway 407, west of Black Creek. Includes: inter-regional bus terminal, 600-space commuter lot, connection to future Highway 407 Transitway.
Pioneer Village: will be located diagonally below Steeles Avenue West. Includes: TTC and YRT bus terminals, 1,900-space commuter lot.
York University: will be located at York University, crossing underneath Ian Macdonald Boulevard in the heart of the Keele Campus below the Harry W. Arthurs Common.
Finch West: will be located under Keele Street, north of Finch Avenue West. Includes: TTC bus terminal, 400-space commuter lot, future connection to Finch West LRT.
Downsview Park: will be located at Downsview Park on the south side of Sheppard Avenue West, centred under GO Transit’s Barrie Train Line. Includes: connection to Barrie GO rail service.
Construction Information Line: 1-800-223-6192
The Toronto-York Spadina Subway Extension project is jointly funded by the Government of Canada, the Province of Ontario, the City of Toronto and The Regional Municipality of York.
Amount of excavated material (enough to fill Rogers Centre).
Amount of concrete used (equal to 10 CN Towers).
Total tons of rebar required for construction.
Total number of precast tunnel liners (54,000 segments).
Tunnel boring machines weigh 430,000 kg each, equivalent to 280 cars.
Total number of precast double ties.
Toronto Rocket Subway Trains
- The TTC had 59 new Toronto Rocket subway trains in service in 2014.
- The first new Toronto Rocket car was delivered to Wilson Subway Yard on October 1, 2010. The first Toronto Rocket train was officially launched into revenue service on July 21, 2011.
- Delivery of 80 fully accessible train sets (480 cars), from Bombardier Transportation in Thunder Bay, is scheduled to take several years to complete.
- These trains replace the TTC’s oldest subway cars, most of which date from the 1970s, and will allow the TTC to meet future ridership demands once the Spadina Subway Extension opens for revenue service.
- The Toronto Rockets, and the re-signalling of the Yonge-University-Spadina Subway, will ultimately allow the TTC to improve subway train headways (time between trains) up to 90 seconds, as well as carry more people.
- The TTC’s new subway trains are a six-car-fixed configuration with open gangways, and enable riders to move freely from one end of the train to the other. Each train is comprised of two cab cars (one at each end) plus four non-cab cars.
Fleet class – Toronto Rocket
Number of cars – 480
Fleet numbers – 5381-6176
Seating (perch seat included) – 64 seated (cab car), 68 (non-cab car)
Standing – 199 (average)
Length – 23.190 m
Height – 3.137 m
Weight – 205,000 kg
Maximum design speed – 88 km/h
What’s inside the Toronto Rockets
- Passenger alarm intercoms: these are located in every alternate doorway and multi-purpose area (six per car; 36 per train). The intercoms allow for voice communication with either the Operator or Guard. 1.5-metre doorways include stanchions on either side. All stanchions have an anti-bacterial coating and are colour-coated to help the visually impaired.
- Multi-purpose areas: each car includes two accessible areas (12 per train). The space includes three individual, user-friendly fold-down seats.
- Electronic information displays: flashing Subway/RT route maps to visually announce the next station work in conjunction with ceiling-mounted visual displays. Synchronized audio and visual announcements are provided together with additional LED/LCD displays for broadcasting operational messages (i.e. disruptions).
- Closed circuit cameras: (four per car; 24 per train) are strategically located to cover the interior of each car. The Operator and Guard have access to live images only when the passenger alarm is activated.
- Emergency Alarms: emergency alarms are available on all of the TTC’s subway trains. Customers can press these alarm strips in the event of an emergency. Train crews will call for emergency responders.
- Multi-media, colour video screens: (three per car; 18 per train) these display mainly stations and destination information for subway passengers in text and video format, as well as safety and emergency information.
The new fleet of Toronto Rocket subway trains is jointly funded by the Government of Canada, the Province of Ontario and the City of Toronto.
- The TTC introduced the first three of its new low-floor streetcars into revenue service in 2014.
- The TTC’s first, low-floor streetcar arrived in Toronto by rail from Bombardier Transportation in Thunder Bay on September 25, 2012. The first test vehicle (#4400) was loaded on to a truck/trailer flatbed and delivered to the TTC’s Hillcrest Complex on September 29, 2012.
- Officials from all three orders of government attended an official reveal of car #4400 at TTC’s Harvey Shop on November 15, 2012.
- Car #4400 was the first of three test vehicles used for extensive vehicle reliability, performance and technology verification testing in 2013. System compatibility tests included: accessibility features, platform- and on-street boarding interface with the vehicle, noise and vibration, fare card system and overhead power interface.
- Delivery of all 204 low-floor streetcars from Bombardier Transportation is scheduled for completion in 2019. These vehicles will replace the aging fleet of CLRVs and ALRVs, and provide for ridership growth and congestion relief efforts.
- The new vehicles are just over 30 metres long. They have four doors, 70 fixed seats and six flip-down seats. They have many user friendly features, including: air conditioning, large windows, airy interior design, interior bike racks and a PRESTO fare card system.
- The TTC entered into a contract with Bombardier after a competitive procurement process for the design and supply of 204 new, accessible low-floor streetcars in June 2009.
Type – multi-articulated, six-axle
Seats – 70
Length – 30.20 m
Width – 2.54 m
Height – 3.84 m
Weight – 48,200 kg
Speed – max 70 km/h
70 seated; 130 maximum
- The TTC had 134 new low-floor, articulated buses in service in 2014.
- The TTC’s first low-floor, articulated bus (bendy bus #9000) arrived on property on July 18, 2013. Test bus #9000 was delivered to Wilson Garage from Nova Bus in St. Eustache, Quebec.
- The TTC’s next-generation articulated buses are 18.3 metres (60 feet) long, low-floor with a front-door ramp and equipped with clean-diesel technology.
- Articulated buses officially made their return to revenue service (bendy bus #9001) on the 7 Bathurst route on December 20, 2013.
- In September 2012, the TTC Board approved an initial contract for 27 articulated buses with Nova Bus (a division of Volvo Group Canada Inc.). On March 27, the Board approved a contract amendment worth $119.4 million for the purchase of an additional 126 articulated vehicles for delivery starting in 2014.
- These new vehicles will be the third generation of 18-metre articulated buses operated by the TTC. A small fleet of 12 demonstrator buses – manufactured by General Motors in London, Ontario – were operated from 1982 to 1987. A fleet of 90 Orion-Ikarus buses – frame and body manufactured in Hungary and finished by Ontario Bus Industries in Mississauga – were operated from 1987 to 2003.
Principal fleet specifications
- Type – low-floor articulated
- Number of buses – 153
- Fleet numbers – 9000-9152
- Seats – 46
- Length – 18.3 m
- Width – 2.6 m
- Height – 3.2 m
- Weight – 18,960 kg (curb weight)
- Speed – limited to 100 km/h
46 seated; 77 maximum